Oncology IQ

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A patient receiving cisplatin asks the nurse the purpose of taking steroids at home for several days after treatment. The nurse should respond with which of the following? 

a. "Steroids enhance the effects of cisplatin after the dose is received."

b. "Oral steroids can help to prevent and reduce delayed nausea and vomiting."

c. "Taking steroids at home helps to decrease the body's loss of electrolytes."

d. "Steroids are helpful to increase muscle mass and appetite during chemotherapy."

 

 

Answer

b. "Oral steroids can help prevent and reduce delayed nausea and vomiting."

 

Rationale: 

A multi-drug approach is used to help with nausea from highly emetogenic drugs. Dexamethasone, a steroid, is used to prevent or reduce delayed nausea caused by cisplatin.

 

Reference: 

Olsen, M., LeFebvre, K.B., & Walker, S.L. (Eds.).(2023). Chemotherapy and immunotherapy: Guidelines and recommendations for practice (2nd Ed.). Oncology Nursing Society. P. 422.